Innovation – Open view page

General information

Innovation ID293
Version ID39
Innovation TitleManagement practice based on Single Diseased Stem Removal (SDSR) for quick and effective banana recovery in Xanthomonas wilt (XW) affected regions
Innovation description Single diseased stem removal is a disease management practice involving cutting a plant showing Xanthomonas wilt symptoms at soil level, sterilizing cutting tools using fire, and early male bud removal using a forked stick. It's very effective in reducing the incidence of the disease and easy to apply. It requires less labour than alternative practices.
Reporting Staff Guy Blomme (Bioversity), Walter Ocimati (Bioversity)
Year (Reporting)2019
Reporting statusApproved
Innovation TypeProduction systems and Management practices

Stage reached

Stage of InnovationStage 4: uptake by next user
Year (Stage)2019
Stage DescriptionEvidence of positive impact of the adoption of Xanthomonas wilt control practices in Uganda have been published. Single diseased stem removal (SDSR) is now recognized in East and Central Africa as the most effective way of managing banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW).
Next User OrganizationAcademic and Research,Development organizations,NARES/NARS,CBOs (Community based organizations) and farmers' groups
Has a lead organizationyes
Lead OrganizationBioversity International
Top 5 contributorsInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; National Agricultural Research Organisation; Catholic University of Graben; Institut National pour l’Etude et la Recherche Agronomiques

Contributions and mapping

All partners Bioversity International-CGIAR Center/Program (Center); Catholic University of Graben-Academic Institutions (universities, colleges, etc.); Centre National de Recherche Scientifique et Technologique, Institut de l'Environement et de Recherche Agricole-National Agricultural Research System (NARS); CGIAR System Organization-CGIAR Center/Program (Center); International Institute of Tropical Agriculture-CGIAR Center/Program (Center); International Potato Center-CGIAR Center/Program (Center); Makerere University-Academic Institutions (universities, colleges, etc.); National Agricultural Research Organisation-National Agricultural Research System (NARS)
Main CRP CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas
Flagship project FP3-Resilient RTB crops
Cluster BA3.3-Global and regional Frameworks, tools, strategies and practices to arrest the spread of wilts into new areas and recover banana productivity in areas already affected by wilts from bacteria and Fusarium in banana
Other CRPs-Flagships-Clusters


Geographic scopeNational
CountriesBurundi,Democratic Republic of the Congo,Rwanda,Uganda

Targeted outcomes

Main Sub-IDO Closed yield gaps through improved agronomic and animal husbandry practices
Other Sub-IDO Increased resilience of agro-ecosystems and communities, especially those including smallholders
Other Sub-IDO


Evidences"William Tinzaara, Fred Ssekiwoko, Enoch Kikulwe, Eldad Karamura. (14/5/2019). Effectiveness of learning and experimentation approaches for farmers as a community based strategy for banana xanthomonas wilt management. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 11 (7), pp. 128-138.""Francois Iradukunda, Renee Bullock, Anne Rietveld, Boudy van Schagen. (1/3/2019). Understanding gender roles and practices in the household and on the farm: Implications for banana disease management innovation processes in Burundi. Outlook On Agriculture, 48 (1), pp. 37-47."Out-scaling Single Diseased Stem Removal (SDSR) for quick and effective banana recovery in XW affected regions. (Poster)

"Enoch Kikulwe, Stanslus Okurut, Susan Ajambo, Elisabetta Gotor, Reuben Ssali, Jerome Kubiriba, Eldad Karamura. (31/3/2018). Does gender matter in effective management of plant disease epidemics? Insights from a survey among rural banana farming households in Uganda. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 10 (3), pp. 87-98.""Jules Ntamwira, Guy Blomme, Liliane Bahati, Walter Ocimati. (22/1/2019). Effect of timing of diseased plant cutting, altitude and banana cultivar on efficacy of singly removing Xanthomonas wilt infected banana plants. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 154 (1), pp. 477-489."Ocimati, W.; Nakato, G.V.; Fiaboe, K.M.; Beed, F.; Blomme, G. (2015) Incomplete systemic movement of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum and the occurrence of latent infections in xanthomonas wilt-infected banana mat. Plant Pathology 64(1) p. 81-90 ISSN:1365-3059

"Guy Blomme, Walter Ocimati, Charles Sivirihauma, Lusenge Vutseme, Bumba Mariamu, Jules Ntamwira. (3/3/2018). Controlling Xanthomonas wilt of banana: Influence of collective application, frequency of application, and social factors on the effectiveness of the Single Diseased Stem Removal technique in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Crop Protection 118, 79-88. Crop Protection.""Walter Ocimati, Boudy van Schagen, Marta Kozicka, Enoch Kikulwe, Elisabetta Gotor, Guy Blomme. (31/5/2019). Banishing banana wilt: can it get any easier. Fiumicino, Italy: Bioversity International (Bioversity).""Guy Blomme, Walter Ocimati, Charles Sivirihauma, Lusenge Vutseme, Bumba Mariamu, Muller Kamira, Boudy van Schagen, Javier Ekboir, Jules Ntamwira. (1/10/2017). A control package revolving around the removal of single diseased banana stems is effective for the restoration of Xanthomonas wilt infected fields (Blomme, G. Ocimati, W. Sivirihauma, C. Vutseme, L. Mariamu B. Kamira, M. van Schagen, B. Ekboir, J. and Ntamwira, J. 2017). European Journal of Plant Pathology, 149 (2).""Enoch Kikulwe, Joseph Kyanjo, Edward Kato, Reuben Ssali, Rockefeller Erima, Samuel Mpiira, Walter Ocimati, William Tinzaara, Jerome Kubiriba, Elisabetta Gotor, Dietmar Stoian, Eldad Karamura. (7/5/2019). Management of Banana Xanthomonas Wilt: Evidence from Impact of Adoption of Cultural Control Practices in Uganda. Sustainability, 11 (9), pp. 1-18."

Linked Elements

Outcome Impact Case Ugandan farmers adopting techniques to control Xanthomonas wilt of banana (BXW) have restored the productivity of their fields and their incomes
More than 180,000 farmers are supported with practices to control the Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) disease in Burundi, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo