A third phase of the project will build on the results achieved by verifying and fine-tuning recommended technology packages (wheat and food legume cultivars, agronomic and water management technologies), expanding the number of pilot sites to other agro-ecologies thereby out-scaling the technologies to more end-users, providing guidelines for enabling policy environments, and strengthening the capacity of national research and extension systems to promote the technologies for wider adoption.
The project’s overall aim is to contribute to Arab countries’ goals of achieving sustainable national food and nutrition security and improving rural livelihoods while maintaining their natural resource base in the face of increasing climate variability and change.
The immediate objectives of the project are two-fold: 1. Development and dissemination of more sustainable and resilient food crop production technologies and systems that are better adapted to climate variability and farming system changes; 2. Enhanced capacity (knowledge and skills, as well as services) of partners and stakeholders to support future national agricultural productivity and food security goals.
In Phase III, it is proposed that the project will involve nine countries, namely; Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. The activities will be extended to new sites, different from those used in Phase I and II and which are characterized by different constraints limiting the productivity of wheat-based production systems and with an added focus on other crops for diversification and sustainability of production system. The longer-term impacts of the project are dependent on national governments implementing supportive policy and institutional measures that enable the further outscaling and adoption of the improved technologies by farmers. The ultimate aim of the project is to enhance food and nutritional security by developing more productive, diversified, resilient and sustainable farming systems and enterprises. In turn, the project will enhance rural livelihoods, by boosting the capacity of rural communities, including women and young people, to engage in agriculture-related employment opportunities, including agricultural services, marketing and adding value in food supply chains. Furthermore, through its capacity development activities, the project will encourage young people to engage in the agricultural sector and contribute to developing the next generation of research and extension staff.