The partnership established between SLU and ICARDA will enable to strengthen the durum breeding effort of ICARDA to the Senegal River basin, with a positive effect on the local population. The collaborative research between SLU and ICARDA will provide detailed data on the tolerance of durum wheat to warming climates, but also pyramid multiple sources of heat tolerance through a very novel technique: genomic selection.

Period of Implementation

Jan 1, 2018 - Dec 31, 2021
Total Budget

USD 387,276.00



The goal of this project is to reduce poverty in heat affected areas and revitalization of rural communities.


The objective of this project is to deliver superior durum wheat cultivars tolerant to heat stress. This will be also done by the enhancement of breeding knowledge for the local staff, with a special focus on the Senegal River region.

Problems and Needs Analysis

Climate change and the increase of the average temperatures are reducing the agricultural productivity. Breeding durum wheat along the Senegal River shall help in getting ready to the raising temperatures of tomorrow.

Intervention Strategy(ies)

The deployment of traditional molecular breeding and genomic selection will combined and compared for the delivery of superior heat tolerant durum wheat cultivars. The ICARDA's heat tolerant germplasm, already identified during the previous phase of this project (U-Forsk 2013), and the identification of molecular markers associated to the tolerance of this stress will be combined to pyramid these traits. The collaborative research between SLU, ISRA, CNRADA and ICARDA will provide detailed data on the tolerance of durum wheat to warming climates, but also will be used to test a novel technique: genomic selection. A key component of the project is the training of a Senegalese and Moroccan young scientist in a sandwich program between the two institutions. All field experiments will be conducted in Morocco, and at two stations in Senegal and Mauritania.

Impact Pathway

The project aim and research activities are fundamentally oriented to deliver durum wheat superior cultivars, for those areas where it is affected by heat stress, with a special focus on the Senegal River region. This will be possible through the ICARDA's heat tolerant genotypes and the genomic selection technique. The analysis and selection of the different durum wheat lines will be done in Morocco, Senegal and Mauritania. The new varieties will contribute to help farmers having constant harvest and reduce food risks caused by climate change. Then, through various training activities, the capacity decision of the local staff will be enhanced in order to ensure the lasting of the results once the project will be completed. So, by an accurate use of the available resources, technologies and the capacity development of the staff involved in the various activities, it will be possible to achieve the final goal of the project, consisting in the reduction of risk hunger in heat affected areas and revitalization of rural communities.

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Durum wheat heat tolerance loci defined via a north–south gradient

Author(s): Amadou T. Sall | Hafssa Kabbaj | Sidi ould Ely Menoum | Madiama Cisse | Mulatu Geleta | Rodomiro Ortiz | Filippo Maria Bassi

Date: 2023-12-07 | Type: Journal Article

Final Technical Report: Genomic prediction to deliver heat tolerant wheat to the Senegal River basin: phase II

Author(s): Hafssa Kabbaj | Amadou T. Sall | Filippo Maria Bassi | Rodomiro Ortiz

Date: 2022-01-31 | Type: Donor Report

Genomic Regions Associated with the Control of Flowering Time in Durum Wheat

Author(s): Priyanka Gupta | Priyanka Gupta | Hafssa Kabbaj | Khaoula El Hassouni | Marco Maccaferri | Miguel Sanchez-Garcia | Roberto Tuberosa | Filippo Maria Bassi

Date: 2020-11-24 | Type: Journal Article

Combining QTL Analysis and Genomic Predictions for Four Durum Wheat Populations Under Drought Conditions

Author(s): Meryem Zaim | Meryem Zaim | Hafssa Kabbaj | Hafssa Kabbaj | Zakaria Kehel | Gregor Gorjanc | Abdelkarim Filali-Maltouf | Bouchra Belkadi | Nachit Miloudi | Filippo Maria Bassi

Date: 2020-05-06 | Type: Journal Article

Trip report: Senegal river, March 2020

Author(s): Hafssa Kabbaj

Date: 2020-03-31 | Type: Report - Sub-type(s): Internal Report

Effet de la fertilisation minérale sur la culture du riz ( Oryza sativa L.) et du blé dur ( Triticum durum Desf.) dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal

Author(s): Habibou Gueye | Amadou T. Sall | Boubou G Keita | Saliou N’Diaye | Hamidou Dieng | Talla Gueye

Date: 2019-07-31 | Type: Journal Article

Loci Controlling Adaptation to Heat Stress Occurring at the Reproductive Stage in Durum Wheat

Author(s): Khaoula El Hassouni | Khaoula El Hassouni | Bouchra Belkadi | Abdelkarim Filali-Maltouf | Amadou T. Sall | Amadou T. Sall | Ayed Al-Abdallat | Nachit Miloudi | Filippo Maria Bassi

Date: 2019-07-30 | Type: Journal Article

Genetic Gain for Yield and Allelic Diversity over 35 Years of Durum Wheat Breeding at ICARDA

Author(s): Filippo Maria Bassi | Nachit Miloudi

Date: 2019-07-03 | Type: Journal Article

Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.): Origin, Cultivation and Potential Expansion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author(s): Amadou T. Sall | Amadou T. Sall | Tiberio Chiari | Lagesse Wasihun | Seid Ahmed Kemal | Rodomiro Ortiz | Maarten van Ginkel | Filippo Maria Bassi

Date: 2019-05-24 | Type: Journal Article