The project allows the continuation of restoration activities undertaken in Badia, Jordan at the Al Majidyya watershed, and to out-scale rehabilitation methods to agro-sylvo-pastoral areas at the new Royal Botanic Garden (RBG) site.

Period of Implementation

Jun 1, 2019 - Dec 31, 2024
Total Budget

USD 265,988.00



Uptake of technology packages in Badia areas of Jordan and restoration of degraded areas in Badia under improved natural resource management.


At the Badia Restoration Site (Al Majeddyeh village), the objectives are to ensure security, maintenance, and continued monitoring (vegetation development and survival rate). At the new Royal Botanic Garden (RBG) site to support WADI activity, the objectives are to out-scale rehabilitation methods to agro-sylvo-pastoral areas and to assess and analyse site rehabilitation impacts on water dynamics.

Problems and Needs Analysis

The ICARDA‐USFS MoA Amendment A1 & A2 proposal defines the activities planned for the time‐period 1 June 2019 to 31 May 2020, related with the ‘Watershed Restoration in Badia Areas of Jordan ‐ Technology Packages for Controlling and Monitoring Gully Erosion’ project granted by the US Forest Service. The project was launched in August 2015 and funded by the US Forest Service ‐ with ICARDA providing a support and recovery budget for the time‐period August 2018 to May 2019. The new amendments (A1 & A2), starting from June 1, 2019, are granted by the US Forest Service.

Intervention Strategy(ies)

1) research site security, 2) maintenance of watershed restoration implementation, 3) basic monitoring of soil, water and vegetation response to the various watershed restoration efforts undertaken in the past. 4) RBG Study site monitoring and assessment, 5) Watershed modeling ‐ water balance assessment.

Impact Pathway

The project will be evaluating the impacts of restoration practices on water dynamics while introducing new technologies, continuing the maintenance and monitoring of rehabilitation sites, strengthening existing partnerships, and ensuring communication and dissemination of knowledge. This will lead to better understanding of the rehabilitation impacts on land degradation reduction, improving rangeland conditions, and ensuring that local communities are partners in the restoration process. The project will lead to the out-scaling of the proven rehabilitation approaches with the aim of rehabilitating the degraded lands in Badia, Jordan.


In 2020, ICARDA developed a community-based watershed rehabilitation approach that effectively  restores degraded rangelands in Badia, Jordan. This decreased the fodder shortage of local livestock keepers who will, in turn, rely less on external aid to feed their animals. In the same year, ICARDA joined an inter-regional Technical Cooperation Program project, run by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, on combatting sand and dust storms. The research considerable on-site benefits (less soil and carbon loss) and off-site impacts (less dust transported to urban areas) through mechanized micro-water harvesting and plantation of native shrubs in Badia. 

In 2022, under the USFS funded project in Jordan (part of the umbrella Watershed Restorations Project), ICARDA established a new site in Khanasry station to monitor soil humidity and rangeland productivity. Students from Utrecht University modeled and quantified runoff and soil loss for a degraded and restored Jordan side, and developed a suitability map of mechanized micro-rainwater harvesting for enhancing carbon sequestration in the Badia.

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Modeling-based performance assessment of an indigenous macro-catchment water harvesting technique (Marab) in the Jordanian Badia

Author(s): Niccolò Renzi | Lorenzo Villani | Lorenzo Villani | Mira Haddad | Mira Haddad | Stefan Strohmeier | Muhi El-Dine Hilali | Jafar Al Widyan | Elena Bresci | Giulio Castelli | Giulio Castelli

Date: 2023-11-01 | Type: Journal Article

Rangeland restoration in Jordan: Restoring vegetation cover by water harvesting measures

Author(s): Mira Haddad | Mira Haddad | Stefan Strohmeier | Sayjro Kossi Nouwakpo | Omar Rimawi | Mark Weltz | Geert Sterk

Date: 2022-12-01 | Type: Journal Article

Watershed Restoration and Monitoring

Author(s): Mira Haddad | Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2022-05-30 | Type: Presentation

Jordan Agriculture Sector and Major Climate Zones

Author(s): Mira Haddad

Date: 2022-05-30 | Type: Presentation

The micro-catchment water harvesting-based rehabilitation ameliorated soil microbial abundance, diversity and function in a degraded dryland

Author(s): Chikae Tatsumi | Chikae Tatsumi | Takeshi Taniguchi | Norikazu Yamanaka | Sadahiro Yamamoto | Sayo Fukai | Stefan Strohmeier | Mira Haddad | Theib Yousef Oweis Oweis

Date: 2021-08-01 | Type: Journal Article

Design soil moisture campaign (examples)

Author(s): Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2021-03-25 | Type: Presentation

Introduction to soil physics

Author(s): Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2021-03-24 | Type: Presentation

Soil Moisture Monitoring

Author(s): Stefan Strohmeier | Mira Haddad

Date: 2021-03-24 | Type: Training Material - Sub-type(s): Course Program / Agenda

Soil water assessment methods

Author(s): Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2021-03-24 | Type: Presentation

Introduction to soil water plant relationship

Author(s): Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2021-03-24 | Type: Presentation

Marab water harvesting - images of 2020 spring

Author(s): Mira Haddad | Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2020-04-10 | Type: Image - Sub-type(s): Photo

Site security - images of 2020 spring

Author(s): Mira Haddad | Stefan Strohmeier

Date: 2020-04-08 | Type: Image - Sub-type(s): Photo