This project is collaborating with the WWCS project of Caritas in Tajikistan - From reactive response to informed management: Leveraging weather, water and climate services for sustainable rural livelihoods and well-being in Tajikistan - to provide scientific backstopping. The support will focus on the development of methodologies and protocols for tracking outcomes envisioned within the WWCS initiative. The thematic focus and multi-stakeholder approach of the project embody a level of complexity that necessitates the engagement of novel scientific, government and business partners.

Period of Implementation

Jan 1, 2021 - May 31, 2025
Total Budget

USD 350,000.00



Improve livelihoods and well-being through development of WWCS that are nationally provided, locally relevant, equally accessible, and affordable.


Project objectives are as follows: To support in the development of high-density observations; development of WWCS; development of benchmark plots; training and support to national partners; contribution to the generation of knowledge material and dialogue within both online and in-person meetings; and generation of evidence and knowledge to support national policy and contribution to international literature and debate.

Problems and Needs Analysis

Tajikistan’s climatic conditions are challenging. With less than 10 % of national territory suitable for agriculture, food security is of persistent concern. 30 % of the population live below the national poverty line, inducing work migration that often leaves women and the elderly in charge of rural farms. Exacerbated by land degradation from deforestation and overgrazing, floods and landslides threaten lives and goods, especially in mountain areas. Rural communities are highly vulnerable to these events and to weather impacts on their agricultural production.

Intervention Strategy(ies)

Engagement in the country since: 1996 Main partners: Committee on Emergency Situations and Civil Defense, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan, Agency of Hydrometeorology, Aga Khan Agency for Habitat, Aga Khan Foundation, Swiss Confederation, Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), World Meteorological Organisation Main donors: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), World Food Programme, Government of Liechtenstein, Leopold Bachmann Foundation, Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW), European Union, Deutsche Zusammenarbeit (BMZ)

Impact Pathway

Building on more than three decades of experience in Central Asia, ICARDA provides scientific backstopping to the Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Tajikistan, and more generally to the Ministry of Agriculture, in the generation of contextually relevant approaches for sustainable land and water use management; and evidence of outcomes attained through sound and judicious application of WWCS. The project will initially target the districts of Laksh and Muminabad and later expand nationally through effective engagement with national partners.


In 2022, the WWCS project of Caritas in Tajikistan received technical support from ICARDA’s Restoration Initiative on Dryland Ecosystems (RIDE) through the installation of water harvesting structures, irrigation systems, and planting of several varieties of diversified crops.

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A low-cost approach to develop Weather, Water and Climate Services (WWCS) in rural areas of Tajikistan

Author(s): Bellprat Omar | Christoph Spirig | Moritz Flubacher | Jacques Grandjean | Yves-Alain Roulet | Lionel Moret | Mathias Bavay | Joel Fiddes | Boris Orlowsky | Shinan Kassam | Hafiz Kalandarov | Safarali Yatimov | Akmal Akramkhanov | Stefan Strohmeier | Ram Sharma | Mira Haddad | Ajit Govind | Kaya Fatih | Dominique Berod

Date: 2022-05-31 | Type: Conference Paper